管理部門はどんな仕事しているの?をわかりやすくご紹介!

管理部門はどんな仕事しているの?をわかりやすくご紹介!

会社には、管理部門という部門があります。部門の名前は、会社によってさまざまで、経営管理部、中小企業では総務部と呼ばれているかもしれません。ちなみに、経理は管理部門です。
管理部門は、営業などと違いノルマなどが無いため、業務にプレッシャーもなく他の部門に比べ仕事内容が容易というイメージをを持たれてる方もいるかもしれません。しかし、実際は、そんなことはありません。お金を稼ぐ部門では無いですが、会社全体が組織として機能するために、無くてはなりません。このように説明するととても責任感か必要な部門とご理解いただけますか。
この記事では、今管理部門がどのような仕事をしているかについてご紹介しますね。

管理部門の仕事内容

一般的に管理部門は主に人事、経理からなります。
総務は単独で存在する場合と、人事・経理が兼任する場合があります。管理部門の代表的な業務内容は以下の通りです。

人事

代表的な業務内容は採用業務です。
・新卒採用、中途採用業務
・会社説明会の実施
・教育・研修等
・給与計算(社労士に依頼している場合もあります)
・社会保険の加入、脱退手続き
・評価制度の策定
など

経理

・月次決算
・年次決算
・現金管理(仮払などの入出金)
・資金管理(売掛金回収確認、買掛金の支払など)
・税理士対応
・監査対応
など

総務

・稟議書の管理
・備品発注
・オフィス管理、人との折衝
総務の仕事内容は、多岐にわたり、「他の部署で担当しない、会社が機能して行くために必要なこと全般」です。

管理部門で働くおすすめのポイント3つ

管理部門で働くおすすめポイント3つご紹介します。

多くの人と関われる

大企業にもなると、多くの社員はいるものの日頃接するのは、部署内のごく限られたメンバーということも少なくありません。管理部門は、会社のどの部署とも関係があるため、多くの人と関わりながら仕事をすることができます。

残業が少ない

管理部門は、ルーティン業務が多いです。
経理であれば、忙しい時期が月初と月末とほぼ決まっているので、有給や仕事後のプライベートのスケジュールも組みやすいです。会社によっては、管理部門は少人数で運営していることが少なくありません。そのため慢性的な人不足により残業が続く場合もあります。
ただし、仕事が慣れてくるとルーティン業務のため、自分で仕事がコントロールしやすくなり残業時間を減らすことができるでしょう。

専門知識が習得できる

管理部門で身につく知識は、業界問わずどの業界でも使うことができる専門知識です。例えば、給与計算をしない会社はありませんよね。経理であれば、決算など。業界が違うと多少言葉や、処理方法は異なる可能性はあります。しかし、遵守しなければならない法律(労働基準法、会社法、金融商品取引法など)は共通です。
そのため、管理部門で得る知識、経験は転職に生かすことができ、また長期的なキャリア形成に役立ちます。

意外と知られていない管理部門の大変なこと3つ

管理部門の大変なこと3つご紹介します。

定量目標が立てづらい

どの会社でも、毎年目標を立てると思います。目標を立てるのが管理部門は大変。営業職であれば◯件受注など目に見える結果で目標を立てることができます。管理部門だと定量的な目標を立てることが難しいため、毎年目標を立てるのに頭を悩ませる管理部門担当者は多いはずです。

給料が上がりづらい

管理部門は、一般的に給料が上がりづらい部門とされています。それは、お金を生み出す部門では無いためです。インセンティブなどもありません。そのため若いうちは同期と比べると給料の上がりが緩やかです。しかし、肩書きがつくことにより大幅に給料アップする可能性はあるでしょう。また、長期的なキャリアを考え転職をして給料アップするという方法もあります。

責任が重い

責任が重いのはどの部署も同じです。しかし、管理部門でも特に経理職などでは、ひとつのミスが会社の運営に関わってしまう可能性があります。例えば、経理のミスを考えると、決算で誤り費用の計上を失念してしまったとすると、故意に費用を過少に計上したとして利益操作を疑われてしまうかもしれません。総務部のミス契約書などに印紙を貼るのを忘れていたら印紙税の脱税になってしまうかもしれません。極端な説明にはなりましたが、管理部門の関わる仕事は、責任感が必要な仕事ということを知っていてくださいね。

さいごに

この記事では、管理部門についてご紹介させてもらいました。管理部門を希望する人はそれぞれ理由があることでしょう。「なぜ管理部門で働きたいですか?」記事で書いてきた通り、簡単な仕事ではありません。時には専門知識が必要となり、業務時間外で勉強しなくてはいけない時もあります。それを含めてどのようにキャリアを積んでいきたいか考えてみることをおすすめします。

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